This simple diagnostic test provides valuable insight into your sperm's ability to fertilize an egg. Learn how to get started and what to expect.
t often comes as a shock to many couples that the prevalence of male factor infertility is so high. It is mistakenly assumed that the female partner is largely responsible for a couple’s infertility. However, it is very important to get a complete picture of the couple's situation in order to make the most effective and efficient treatment plan possible.
The first step in testing for male infertility is a semen analysis. Regardless of whether you've previously fathered a child or you feel otherwise healthy, a semen analysis is the only way to identify or rule out a problem with the male partner's sperm. If the results are abnormal, you may undergo additional testing or be referred to our in-house reproductive urologist for a comprehensive evaluation to determine the cause.
If you’ve been having unprotected intercourse for 1 year or more with a female partner under 35 or 6 months with a female partner over 35 and she hasn’t yet conceived, or if you have reason to suspect you may have an issue with your sperm, such as testicular trauma, erectile dysfunction, or problems ejaculating, it is time to see a fertility specialist for testing of both partners.
Both partners should be tested at the same time, and treatment shouldn’t begin until a diagnosis is established.
During the semen analysis, your physician will focus on the sperm's potential to fertilize the egg. Some of the parameters we check for in a semen analysis include:
Most semen analyses are covered by insurance. Although SGF’s Andrology Center does not process insurance claims, we will provide you with a detailed receipt to submit to your insurance for reimbursement.
It may be advised that you retest in some cases. In addition, you’ll have the opportunity to schedule a consult with one of SGF’s in-house reproductive urologists who specialize in male infertility to discuss options best suited to you.
If the analysis is abnormal, your doctor may also want to check for a hormonal imbalance by measuring the following hormone levels as well as checking for genetic defects:
Additional male testing, when undergoing infertility treatment, the male partner will also undergo infectious disease testing, similar to the female partner, in order to check for hepatitis B surface antigens, hepatitis C antibodies, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and other infectious diseases.
You or your partner may make an appointment to schedule the drop off of your semen sample Monday through Friday in select locations throughout Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, Washington, D.C., and Georgia.
You can schedule an appointment to collect a semen sample at one of our offices in a private, comfortable room, or you may collect a sample in the comfort of your own home. You or your partner (I.D. is required) must drop off your sample within 60 to 90 minutes of collection.
SGF’s reproductive endocrinologists review each patient’s test results to uncover the possible causes of male infertility. A detailed report will be provided to your referring physician typically 3 to 5 business days following your test. If there are questions about the results, it is recommended to schedule a consultation with one of our in-house urologists.
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